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學會用比較句型來寫雅思大作文,還怕分數上不去嘛?

作者: 2020-11-15 15:04 來源:重慶編輯
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嗨,親愛的們,今天重慶新航道的小編給大家分享的是雅思寫作中的比較句型,下面我們一起來看看吧。

 

為了說明或論證某個事物,我們往往需要將其與他物進行比較,由此可能產生難以理解的長句。用來比較的句型包括:... than ...; as ... as; not so much ... as...; while ...,等。在這種句子中,我們只要明確比較了什么,比較是為了說明什么道理,即可抓住主干,理解整個句子的意義。

 

句子1

For those women who learnt to read through the campaign, the infant mortality rate was 84 per thousand, an impressive 21 points lower than for those women who were still illiterate.

 

譯文:

而那些在這場運動中學會閱讀的女性,其嬰兒死亡率為84/1000,比仍然不識字的母親的嬰兒死亡率整整低了 21點。

 

分析:

本句主干為“the infant mortality rate was 84 per thousand”,被置前的一個狀語For those women who learnt to read through the campaign遮蔽,后面的 “ an impressive 21 points lower than for those women who were still illiterate ”,與the infant mortality rate was 84 per thousand進行對比,即,將會讀書的母親的嬰兒死亡率與不會讀書的母親的嬰兒死亡率進行比較。本句的骨干部分:For those …, the infant mortality rate was 84 per thousand, an impressive 21 points lower than …。 從語法上講,本句an impressive 21 points lower than...之前省略了which was。

 

原題重現:(True/False/Not Given)

The women who had learnt to read through the National Literacy Crusade showed the greatest change in infant mortality levels.

[參考答案] NG。這里僅比較了學會識字的母親與沒學會識字的母親,沒有提及其他,因此尚不知道到底是不是“變化的”,也許是,也許不是,因此答案是NG。

 

句子2

Victimized pupils are more likely to experience difficulties with interpersonal relationships as adults, while children who persistently bully are more likely to grow up to be physically violent, and convicted of anti-social offences.

 

譯文:

受到欺凌的小學生成年后更容易在人際溝通中遭遇困難,而那些經常實施欺凌的孩子長大后更有可能具有身體上的暴力傾向并且犯下反社會的罪行。

 

分析:

本句主干為“Victimized pupils are more likely to experience difficulties with interpersonal relationships as adults”,后面while引導的從句與其進行對比。While引導的從句中,who引導的定語本句修飾children。句子的骨干部分:Victimized pupils are more likely to experience difficulties with interpersonal relationships as adults, while children who … are more likely to …。

 

原題重現:

Children who are bullied ________

A are twice as likely to commit suicide as the average person.

B find it more difficult to relate to adults.

C are less likely to be violent in later life.

D may have difficulty forming relationships in later life.

[參考答案] D。這個選項是對原文experience difficulties with interpersonal relationships as adults的同義表述。

 

句子3

The higher the children's IQ scores, especially over IQ 130, the better the quality of their educational backup, measured in terms of reported verbal interactions with parents, number of books and activities in their home etc.

 

譯文:

尤其是在智商超過130的孩子中,他們的智商越高,他們的教育背景的質量越好,這些教育背景包括孩子跟父母的口頭交流以及家中書和活動的數量等。

 

分析:

本句比較智商與家庭教育背景,measured為過去分詞做定語,修飾educational backup。本句的骨干部分:The higher the children's IQ scores, …, the better the quality of their educational backup, measured in terms of …, …and …。

 

原題重現:(True/False/Not Given)

The very gifted child benefits from appropriate support from close relatives.

[參考答案] T。原文通過the higher...the better句式,表達了孩子智商與家庭教育背景之間有正相關的關系。

 

寫作范文中的使用實例

 

1. To conclude, more channels can give TV viewers more opportunities and freedom of choice, which are far more important than anything else, including the possible drop of quality of some TV programmes. (2016/9/3, 電視頻道增多是好還是壞?) 

總之,更多頻道能給電視觀眾更多機會和選擇的自由,這比其他什么都重要,包括有些電視節目可能質量下降。

 

2. Statistics show that people living in a tree-covered city enjoy much higher life expectancy than those living within the concrete walls of tall buildings. (2016/8/27, 城鎮空地該種綠樹還是建高樓?)

統計數據顯示,住在綠樹覆蓋的城市,比住在高樓的鋼筋墻內,人們的期待壽命要高得多。

 

3. Some students may be good at their academic subjects, while others may excel in music, sports, designing, to mention only a few. As each student is unique in his/her own way, to sort out a few and label them as “top students” is senseless and misleading.  (2017/6/24,政府只應該資助學生嗎?)

有些學生可能精于學業,另外一些可能在音樂、體育、設計等方面超過別人。由于每個學生都以自己的方式而獨特,那么選出一些并標之以“學生”就是沒有意義而且具有誤導性的。

 

4. As a matter of fact, we can even find a close association between the strength of a country’s economy and the visibility of its advertising. The more advertisements are seen in a country, the more developed its economy is. (2018/4/22,廣告對經濟和個人的影響)

事實上,我們甚至能發現一個國家經濟實力與廣告的可見度之間有緊密聯系。一個國家能看見的廣告越多,其經濟就越發達。

 

如果大家想要了解更多雅思課程、雅思寫作單項突破、留學規劃、托福課程、A-level課程、PTE課程、日韓法西德意、四六級課程、多鄰國課程、GRE課程,或者有任何疑問,歡迎聯系新航道重慶學校。

新航道重慶學校官網:www.rururi.com

新航道重慶學校電話:400-185-9090

 

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